Some Jeggo Family History

Compiled by Chris Jeggo (research, website) and Lynette Jeggo (research).

. Site map . . . 'What is on This Website' . . . Website last revised - see latest updates . . . This page last revised 4 June 2011.

Introduction to the Website

There are not that many Jeggoes, and whenever two previously unacquainted ones meet, the following questions are inevitable!  (1) Are we related?  (2) What is the origin of the surname?  (3) Where do the Jeggoes come from?  Answering these questions is the main motivation for the research which underlies this website.

As well as making the information available to anyone who is interested, this site also serves as our main store of data in electronic form.  These days, manual searching of paper records should be done only once, and the results entered into a computer.  To save anyone else the chore of doing the same search, the results should be made available on the web.  It therefore seemed sensible to store the data in the form of HTML files, and you are now looking at the results.

To help answer the questions above, we have set up a one-name study, which is registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies.  What a one-name study means is that anyone who bears, or who has an ancestor who bears, the name Jeggo should find something of interest on this site.  An important part of such a study is the collection of national information.  We have extracted all Jeggo references to be found in the General Register Office (GRO) Indexes to Births, Marriages and Deaths, and all but the most recent (because of the Data Protection Act) are tabulated on this website.  We have extracted all Jeggo references in the 1881 and 1901 Censuses that are accessible via the surname indexes, and tabulated them;  coverage of other censuses varies.

The 1881 Census has a surname index, which shows that my great-grandparents, Charles and Sarah Jeggo, and their children were the only Jeggoes in Shropshire (where I too was born) at this date.  It also shows, when combined with information from earlier censuses, etc., that all the Jeggoes in England in 1881 either lived in or originated in the village of Gosfield in Essex.  So the general answer to the initial question 'Are we related?' is 'Probably'.

Aims

There are three main aims:

  1. To research the origin of the name and the family.  A first attempt can be found in 'The Surname Jeggo', but much genealogy needs to be researched and added to this.
  2. To find out more about those Jeggoes who are 'closely' related to me, in the sense that they are not too far from my line of ancestry.
  3. To maintain the one-name study, ie to take an interest in more distantly related Jeggoes.

Coverage

Most people have never heard of the small Essex village of Gosfield, but for anyone interested in Jeggo family history it is very important.  The 'Gosfield bottleneck' in the mid-19th Century (mentioned above in connection with the 1881 Census) has a defining effect.  At that time there were a few Jeggoes outside the neighbouring Essex parishes of Gosfield, Halstead, Bocking and Stisted, but their Jeggo lines have died out, so far as I am aware.  For earlier times research must be broadened to seek the family origins.  For later times, social changes have resulted in Jeggoes spreading all over the world.  For a start, people moved from villages to towns as weaving moved from cottages to increasingly mechanised factories operated by the Courtauld family in Halstead and Braintree.

The name Jeggo (or variants) first appears in Gosfield parish registers round about 1700, and is still common in this part of Essex to the present day.  There are earlier Jeggo references elsewhere in Essex, and we suspect that Jeggoes came to Gosfield from a nearby parish.

My great-great-grandparents were Joseph and Mary Ann (or Maryann) Jeggo, one of several families headed by a Joseph and Mary Jeggo, some of which overlapped considerably in time and needed some disentangling (and we cannot be certain at present that we got it completely right).  For these purposes, in addition to trying to trace my Jeggo ancestry backwards, parish registers for Gosfield and neighbouring parishes have been searched and the results transcribed on to this website.  For the more general purposes of the one-name study, coverage extends forwards as far as the early 20th Century.

The early 20th Century is a good cut-off point for general data for a number of reasons.  Census information, published up to 1901, makes it easy to construct and trace family groups.  It is also relatively easy for most family historians to work back this far from the present day.  (From 1912 extra information was included in the GRO Indexes:  'Mother's Maiden Name' in Births and 'Spouse's Name' in Marriages.)  Also, there are plenty of people alive who can remember some of what their parents or grandparents told them.

The main items of transcribed original data on this website have now been mentioned.  For others, and more details, see 'What is on This Website'.

The website also contains much derived data - family groups and their linking together into family trees, in other words.

My own family tree can be found in two places.  Charles and Sarah Jeggo and their descendants (the 'Shropshire Jeggoes', although now spread into Cheshire, Staffordshire and other counties and countries) are described in a set of interlinked web pages.  Not all the people therein bear the name Jeggo, but they are my cousins, etc, so I have included them.  My place in the tree is here.  Charles's forebears can be traced backwards from Joseph and Maryann in 'Jeggo Family Groups in Gosfield and Surrounding Area'.

Jeggo Family Groups in Gosfield and Surrounding Area is a large, central page.  It covers the period from the very end of the 17th Century to the early 20th.  Each family group consists essentially of parents and their children.  A few groups are a bit more complicated, perhaps because of re-marriage or the inclusion of a son-/daughter-in-law or a grand-child.  Links between groups are stated, together with their degree of certainty, from 'proven' through 'probable' to 'possible'.  This page contains the 'hooks' which enable Jeggoes who are only distantly related to me to connect their 20th Century family trees into the older ones.  There are also pages of Jeggo family groups in other parishes;  they can be located via the site map or 'What is on This Website'.

The remaining family trees/groups result from correspondence with people who have found this website and contributed to it.  I am happy to help Jeggo descendants combine my information with theirs, and to add their information to the website if they are willing.  These parts of the website would not exist without them, and I am grateful to them.  In my experience of family history research so far, every question answered generates at least two new ones!  There is always more research to be done than time available to do it, and priorities have to be set.  I try to balance my personal priorities with the more general ones of the one-name study.  While tracing distant Jeggo lines forward through the 20th Century is in general not at the top of my personal priorities list, I am willing to give priority to particular lines of interest to correspondents to the extent that they are interested in my website and the one-name study.  To 'complete' the one-name study (if such a thing is possible, even in practical terms) is too big a job for my wife and me, so the contributions of others are both essential and most welcome.  Some Jeggo descendants who do not bear the name Jeggo are included in these pages because of their contributions to the website.

Penny Jeggo (distantly related to me, probably a fifth cousin) has researched her family tree back as far as her great-great-grandfather Joseph Jeggo, raising a family on a farm near Gosfield, Essex ca 1840, but not the same person as my great-great-grandfather Joseph Jeggo, raising a family on a farm near Gosfield ca 1840!  Penny's family tree (her Joseph and his descendants) is on a separate page together with interlinked pages.  Other Jeggo family groups/trees can be located via the site map or 'What is on This Website'.

Identity Parades

Some correspondents have old Jeggo photographs which are unlabelled.  They are presented here in the hope that someone surfing the web will compare them with their own collections and be able to offer identifications, to confirm (or otherwise) the suggestions which have been made with varying degrees of confidence.

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to the many people have contributed to this website.  I hope I have acknowledged all my sources at the point where their information is presented, but I am fallible;  because of time pressure, some pages have been composed and published a bit more rapidly than I would like.  So if I have left you out, I apologise and ask you to let me know so that I can make amends.

Future development

This site continues to develop slowly.  (Brief descriptions of updates have been tabulated.)  If you find this site useful or informative, or if you have suggestions for improving the organisation or layout of the data, or if you would like to contribute further information to help turn the site into a more generally useful Jeggo resource, please send me an email or telephone or write.  Because of problems with spam, my email address is no longer a link.  The following is intended to be intelligible to human readers but to defeat search programs which trawl the web for email addresses:

chris at jeggo dot
o r g
dot
u k

Address:  27 York Road, Woking, Surrey, GU22 7XH, England.
Telephone:  +44 (0) 1483 870218

We would like to include the following information (as applicable) for each person on the Jeggo family website:
1) full name (+ any nickname)
2) full name (+ any nickname) of spouse
3) date and place of  (a) birth,  (b) marriage,  (c) death
4) parents
5) children
6) occupation/career
7) places (or at least the main place) of residence.
That stuff is important for identification/cross-reference, but a bit dry. In addition, to add interest:
8) significant hobbies/pursuits/achievements outside work
9) character sketches or anecdotes.
If you can supply any such details which are currently missing from the website, please get in touch.


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